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Reunión de Usuarios y Desarrolladores de Métodos de Simulación de Aragón

Statistical Physics of socio-economic problems

Prof. Isabel Almudi, University of Zaragoza
Prof. Francisco Fatas-Villafranca, University of Zaragoza
Prof. Jesus Gomez-Gardenez, University of Zaragoza

DATE OF EVENT : 28/11/2012       DURATION : 3 day(s)

LOCATION : ZCAM Campus Actur C/ Mariano Esquillor s/n Edificio I+D 50018 Zaragoza


SUMMARY :

Social and Economical phenomena are nowadays described as complex and emergent since they are seen as a product of the interaction of a large number of independent agents. The dynamics of these agents (individuals, traders, companies or countries) is usually described by learning processes by which they adapt their individual behavior according to some dynamical rules. This evolution leads to the onset of emergent properties characterized by different collective behaviors. Thus, the explanation of these phenomena cannot be found by means of a reductionist point of view which, on the other hand, has been the leading framework during decades of studies in sociology and economics. Quite on the contrary, it seems mandatory to make use of a systemic approach aimed at bridging the microscopic models for the individual dynamics with the observed social and economical macroscopic phenomena.
The efforts made during the last decades to settle the basis of such an integrated approach have produced the growth of a new scientific discipline widely known as Econosociophysics. This discipline has taken profit of the well-established methods and theories of statistical physics, stochastic processes, dynamical systems and complex networks for studying the emergence of complex social and economical phenomena.